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Today in Black History

Under Construction (Still making history....)

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January 1

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Kwanzaa Ends
Emancipation Proclamation 1863
African Benevolent Society (Education) 1808
Haiti Independence Act 1804
New Year's Day
January 2 William Lloyd Garrison began publishing "The Liberator", Abolitionist newspaper, in Boston Mass 1831
John Hope Franklin, historian, born 1915
January 3 William Tucker, first Black child born in America, baptized in Jamestown 1624
January 4 The first Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organized 1920
January 5 George Washington Carver, scientist, died (1864 - 1943)
January 6  
January 7 W.B. Purvis patented the fountain pen 1890
Marian Anderson, first Black person to appear in Metropolitan Opera in Verdi's Masked Ball 1955
January 8 Fannie M. Jackson, pioneer and educator, first Black woman college graduate in US born (1836 - 1913)
January 9  
January 10 James Varicick, first A.M.E. Zion Bishop, born 1768
Edward Brooke, Mass. Senator takes office 1967
Lincoln declared Blcks should be educated in D.C.
January 11  
January 12 Congressional Black Caucus organized in 1971
Mordecai W Johnson, educator, born (1890 - 1976)
January 13 Convention of the Colored National Labor Union, the first Black labor convention, 1869
January 14 John Oliver Killens, novelist, born 1916
Ernest Just, a Black biologist, served as V.P. of American Zoologists, 1930
[My mom, Jacqueline Isbell, born this date]

January 15

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Martin Luther King, Jr., civil rights leader, born, 1929 - 1968
January 16 Lucius D. Amerson sworn in as first Black sheriff of the South in the 20th century (Macon County, Ala.)
January 17 Paul Cuffee, merchant, shipbuilder and Black nationalist, born 1759
January 18 Dr Daniel H. William performed first successful open hear operation, born 1856
Robert C. Weaver became first Black presidential cabinet member when sworn in as Secretary of Housing and Urban Affairs, 1966 (Johnson Administration)
January 19  
January 20 W.R. Pettiford, Founder of Alabama Penny Savings Bank, born 1847
January 21 Martin Luther King Jr. holiday
Freedom Journal, first Black paper 1827
January 22 Nat Turner born 1800
January 23 Dr. Daniel Hale Williams founded Provident Hospital in Chicago, 1889
Paul Robeson, athlete, lawyer, singer, died in Philadelphia 1976
January 24 Martin Delaney, ethnologist, died 1812-1885
Jackie Robinson, first Black elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, 1962
January 25 Sojourner Truth addressed the first Black Women's Rights
Convention, Akron Ohio, 1851
January 26 54th Regiment (Black) infantry formed 1863
Executive Order 9981, to end segregation in US Armed Forces signed by President Harry Truman, 1948
January 27  
January 28 John Brown organized raid on Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, 1858
Philadelphia's Free Africa Society organized, 1787
January 29 Francis L. Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina, 1872
January 30 William Wells Brown published first Black drama, "Leap to Freedom" 1858
January 31  

February 1

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Black college students staged a sit-in at a segregated lunch counter in Greensboro, N. C., 1960
Langston Hughes, poet and author, born 1902-1967
February 2  
February 3 Geraldine McCullough wins Widener Gold Medal for Sculpture, 1965
15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed 1870
February 4 24th Amendment abolished Poll tax, 1864
February 5  
February 6 First organized emigration of U.S. Blacks back to Africa, from New York to Sierra Leone, 1820
Peabody Fund established to promote Black education in South, 1867
February 7 President Truman appointed Irwin C. Mollison judge of the US Customs Court, 1945
Eubie Blake, famed pianist, born in Baltimore 1883-1983
Freedman's Aid Society, founded to promote education among Blacks
February 8  
February 9 Paul Lawrence Dunbar, 1st poet to use Black dialect in his verse, died 1872-1906
Leroy "Satchel" Paige elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, 1971
February 10 Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded, 1957
Andrew Brimmer, the first Black person to serve on the
Federal Reserve Board, [born?] 1966
Leontyne Price, world renowned soprano, born 1927
February 11 Nelson Mandela, leader of movement for democracy in South Africa, released from prison after 27 years, 1990
Clifford Alexander, Jr. first Black Secretary of State, confirmed 1977
February 12 Lincoln's birthday
NAACP founded after riot in Springfield, Ill., 1909
February 13 First Black pro Basketball team, "The Renaissance," organized 1923
February 14 Frederick Douglass, Abolitionist, born 1817 - 1895
Morhouse College, founded in Atlanta, 1867

February 15

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February 16  
February 17  
February 18  
February 19 First Pan-African Congress organized in Paris by WEB DuBois, 1919
February 20  
February 21 Malcolm X assassinated, 1925 - 1965
February 22  
February 23 WEB DuBois, author and historian, born 1868-1963
February 24 Bishop Daniel A Payne, reformer and educator of AME Church, born 1811
February 25 Hiram R. Revels, first Black US Senator, took oath of office 1870
February 26  
February 27 Marion Anderson, singer, born in Philadelphia 1897.
Charlotte Ray, first Black woman lawyer, graduated Harvard U, 1872
February 28 Phillis Wheatly, poetess, died 1753-1784

March 1

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Howard University, Washington DC, charted, 1867
March 2 Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
March 3

Richard Allen founded AME Church, 1794
Garrett Morgan, inventor, born 1877 - 1963

March 4 Crispus Attucks died, 1723 - 1770
March 5  
March 6 Dred Scott decision (Blacks are not citizens of the U.S.), 1857
March 7  
March 8  
March 9 Harriet Tubman, "engineer" of the Underground Railroad died, 1821 - 1913
March 10  
March 11 Benjamin Banneker with L'Enfant began to lay out Washington in the District of Columbia, 1789
March 12 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable founded settlement now known as Chicago, Ill, 1773
March 13 Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin, based on the ideas and plans of a slave, 1794
Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, died 1977
Absalom Jones ordained first Black priest in Episcopal Church
March 14 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded, 1821, New York

March 15

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Freedom's Journal, first Black newspaper, published by John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish, 1827
March 16 Norbert Rillieux, inventor of sugar refining, born 1806- 1894
March 17 The Phoenix Society founded 1833, New York
March 18  
March 19 Jan Matzeliger invented the first machine to manufacture entire shoe, 1883
March 20 Patience Singleton friend of compiler of most of these facts born
March 21 Nambia gained its independence, 1990
Alonzo Pietro, pilot, sailed with Columbus, 1492
Selma Freedom March, 1965
March 22  
March 23  
March 24  
March 25 Scottsboro Boys arrested, Point Rock, Alabama, 1931
March 26 Thomas J Martin awarded patent for fire extinguisher, 1872
William Hastie, first Black federal judge, appointed 1937
Richard Allen, AME Church Bishop, (born? died?) 1760 - 1831
March 27 March 28 New York State abolished slavery, 1799
Ohio passed law restricting the movement of Blacks, 1804
March 29  
March 30 15th amendment gave Blacks the right to vote, 1870 [Hah!]
March 31  

April 1

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Dr Charles Richard Drew, scientist, discovered blood plasma.
North Caroline Mutual opened doors for business, 1899
April 2  
April 3 Dr Matthew Ricketts, first Black man elected to Nebraska State Legislature (from Omaha), born 1858 [actually, this may be 1958--anyone have any info?]
April 4 Dr Martin Luther King Jr, civil rights leader, assassinated 1929 - 1968
April 5 Booker T Washington, educator and founder of Tuskegee Institute, born 1856 - 1915
April 6 Matthew Henson explorer in expedition of six to reach North Pole, 1909
April 7 Billie Holiday, blues singer, born 1917 in E. Baltimore
April 8  
April 9 Paul Robeson, actor, scholar, singer, born 1898 - 1976
April 10  
April 11 Spelman College founded 1881
Percy L Julian, chemist whose research helped create drugs for treatment of arthritis, born 1899
April 12 Civil War began at Fort Sumter, Charleston SC 1861
April 13  
April 14  

April 15

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April 16 Congress passed bill ending slavery in Washington, DC, 1862
soc.culture.african.american on Internet begins, 1990
(Internet can be accessed on Invention Factory BBS in
April 17  
April 18 Alex Haley, author of _Roots_, awarded Pultizer Prize, 1977
April 19 Cheyney State University founded, 1837
April 20 Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad, 1853
April 21  
April 22 First slave revolt occurs in South Carolina, 1526
April 23 National Urban League founded, 1913
Granville T Woods, inventor of automatic air-brake and over 40 other inventions, [born? died?] 1856 - 1910
April 24 United Negro College Fund established, 1944
April 25  
April 26  
April 27  
April 28 George B Vashon, first Black to enter NY State Bar, 1847
Samuel Lee Gravely appointed first Black admiral in US Naval history, 1971
April 29 Col Frederick Gregory, first Black astronaut, piloted space shuttle Challenger, 1985 [is this right?]
Macon B. Allen and Robert Morris Jr, first Blacks to practice law, open practice, 1845
Duke Ellington, musician and jazz composer, born 1899-1975
First day of LA riots, sparked by acquittal of four white cops in the beating of Rodney King, which would result in at least 50 deaths, thousands injured and estimates of up to $1 billion in property damage, 1992
April 30  

May 1

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Gwendolyn Brooks, first Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry), 1950
Howard University chartered, 1867
[Webmaster was born]

May 2 First game of National Negro Baseball League played in Indianapolis, 1920
Elijah McCoy, inventor, held over 50 patents, born 1844- 1929
May 3  
May 4 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, DC to force desegregation of southern bus terminals, 1961
May 5 Robert S. Abbott published first issue of the newspaper "Chicago Defender" 1905
May 6 First Black Masonic Lodge founded Prince Hall, Boston, 1787
May 7 William Penn began monthly meetings for Blacks advocating emancipation, 1700
The Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after the scientist, launched 1943
May 8  
May 9 John Brown, abolitionist, born 1800

May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting is
illegal), 1944

May 11 Ira Aldridge, Great 19th century Black actor, famous
throughout the world, born 1807-1867

May 12 Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky.,
following sit-in staged by a Black teenager, 1871

May 13 Slavery abolished in Brazil, 1888
Joe Louis, world heavyweight boxing champion (1937-1949),
born 1914

May 14

May 15

May 16 Sammy Davis, Jr, entertainer, dies (1925-1990)
Denmark abolishes slave trade, 1792

May 17 School desegregation law, Brown v Board of education, 1957

May 18

May 19 Malcolm X, political and religious activist, born 1925-1965

May 20 Elias Neau founded school for slaves in New York, 1704

May 21 Leo Pinckney, the first American draft[ed?] during World
War I, 1917
(Thomas) Fast Waller, Jazz pianist and composer, born 1904-

May 22 Claude McKay, Novelist and Poet, died 1948
Langston Hughes, poet laureate, died 1957

May 23

May 24 Lincoln University, Penn, the first Black college in the US
founded by Prebyts, 1854

May 25 Henry O. Tanner, artist, died 1859-1937
Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, dancer and entertainer, born in
Richmond VA, 1878

May 26

May 27 Blind Tom Bethune, pianist and composer, born 1849
Victoria E Matthews, educator, born in New York, 1861 -

May 28 Eliza Ann Gardner, underground railway conductor, born 1831

May 29

May 30 Countee Cullen, poet, born in Baltimore, 1903

May 31 National Negro Committee (now NAACP) held first conference,
New York, 1909

June | Back to Top

June 1 Sojourner Truth begins travel as abolitionist speaker, 1843
Slavery abolished in all US possessions, 1862

June 2 Harriet Tubman led Union Army guerillas into Maryland,
freeing more than 700 slaves, 1863
James Augustine Healey became the first Black Catholic
Bishop in the US, 1875

June 3 Dr Charles Richard Drew, pioneer of blood plasma research,
born, 1904-1950
Poor Peoples March on Washington, 1968

June 4 Mississippi Valley State University founded 1951

June 5

June 6 First annual convention of "people of color" held in
Philadelphia 1831
Stokely Carmichael launched "Black Power" movement, 1966

June 7 Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, born 1917
Mary Church Terrell wins struggle to end segregation in
Washington DC restaurants, 1953

June 8 Homer A Plessy refused to move to segregated railroad coach
in New Orleans, initiating Plessy v Ferguson, 1892
First Civil Rights Act passed, 1886

June 9

June 10 Richard Allen founded the Bethel African Methodist
Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, 1794
Hattie McDaniel, first Black person ever to win an Oscar
(Best Supporting Actress, Gone With The Wind, in 1940),
born 1898-1952

June 11

June 12 Medgar Evers, civil rights activist, assassinated 1926-1963

June 13 Oscar J Dunn elected Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, 1868
Thurgood Marshall appointed to the Supreme Court, 1967

June 14 Harriet Beecher Stowe, White abolitionist and author of
Uncle Tom's Cabin, born 1811-1896
Congress ruled that Black soldiers must receive equal pay,

June 15 Henry O Flippea became the first Black graduate of West
Point, 1877
Congress of racial Equality (CORE), founded 1943
Josiah Henson, abolitionist [born? died?] 1789-1883

June 16 Denamrk Vessy led slave rebellion in South Carolina, 1822

June 17 James Weldon Johnson, writer poet, first Black admitted to
Florida Bar, co-author of "Lift Every Voice And Sing"
(Black National Anthem), born 1871-1938

June 18 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas arrested
in Charleston, SC, 1822
Nannie Burroughs founded national training School for
Women, 1909

June 19 Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A and L State
College, 1912

June 20 Dr Lloyd A Hall, pioneer in food chemistry, born Illinois,

June 21 Henry O Tanner, artist, born 1859-1937

June 22 WEB DuBois becomes first Black member of National Institute
of Letters, 1943

June 23 Wilma Rudolph, former polio victim who became the world
famous track star, winning three gold medals in the
Olympic Games, born 1940.

June 24

June 25 Fair Employment Practices Commission established 1941
Abraham Lincoln signed bill providing schools for Black
children [no date given]

June 26 Blacks and Whites riot over racial segregation in ST
Augustine 1964

June 27 Paul Lawrence Dunbar, poet and novelist, born 1872-1906

June 28 Supreme Court handed down Bakke decision, affecting racial
quotas in education and industry, 1978

June 29 Carter Woodson wins Springarn Medal for his research of
Black history, 1926

June 30

July | Back to Top

July 1

July 2 Vermont became the first US territory to abolish slavery,
Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, born in Baltimore
Civil Rights Act passed, 1964

July 3

July 4 Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, trumpet king, born 1900
Booker T Washington opened Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

July 5

July 6

July 7 Althea Gibsaon won women's single tennis championship at
Wimbledon, 1957

July 8

July 9 Dr Daniel Hale Williams (1858-1931) performed first
successful open heart surgery at Provident Hospital in
Chicago, 1893

July 10 Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, born 1875-1955

July 11 Niagra Movement founded by WEB DuBois, 1905

July 12 George Washington Carver, noted scientist, born 1864

July 13 Congress outlawed slavery in Northwest Territory, 1787

July 14

July 15 Public schools for Blacks open in Philadelphia, 1822

July 16 V.A. Johnson, first Black female to practice before US
Supreme Court, born 1882

July 17

July 18 Lemuel Haynes, first Black to serve as minister to a White
congregation, born 1753

July 19

July 20

July 21 National Association of Colored Women founded by Mary
Church Terrell in Washington DC, 1896

July 22 President Lincoln read first draft of Emancipation
Proclamation to Cabinet, 1861

July 23 Louis Tompkins Wright, physician, born 1891 - 1952

July 24

July 25 Charles Cordone won Pulitzer Prize for his play "No Place
to Be Somebody" 1970
First warship named for a Black person, the SS Leonard Roy
Harmon, launched in Quincy Mass, 1943

July 26

July 27

July 28 The 14th Amendment, making Blacks American citizens,
adopted 1868

July 29 First National Convention of Black Women held in Boston
Mass, 1895

July 30

July 31 Whitney Young, former Executive Director of the National
Urban League, born 1921
Father Patrick Francis Healy, first Black man to receive a
PhD, named President of Georgetown University, 1874

August | Back to Top

August 1 Slavery declared unlawful in British Empire, 1834
Benjamin E Mays [highschool of compiler of most of these
facts], educator and former President of Morehouse
college, born 1895

August 2 James Baldwin, writer, born NY 1924
Marcus Garvey presented his "Back To Africa" program in New
York City, 1920

August 3

August 4 Dr Daniel H Williams, pioneer in surgery, died 1931
Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for
Georgia 1897

August 5 James A Healy, first Black bishop in America, born 1830

August 6 Voting Rights Bill signed by President Lyndon Johnsom 1965

August 7 Ralph J Bunche, diplomat and winner of Nobel Peace Prize,
born 1904-1971

August 8

August 9 Mattheco Henson, first Black to reach North Pole, born 1866
Jesse Owens wins four gold medals in Berlin, 1936

August 10 Ira Aldridge, famed Shakespearean actor, dies 1867

August 11 J Rosamond Johnson, author, actor and co-composer (with his
James Weldon Johnson) of "Lift Every Voice And Sing",
born in Jacksonville FL, 1873-1954
Watts Riots in Southeast LA, 1965

August 12 Dedication of Frederick Douglas' home in Washington DC as
national shrine, 1922

August 13 First issue of Baltimore Afro-American Newspaper, 1892

August 14 Ernest E Just, biologist and pioneer of cell division,
born 1883-1941

August 15 Freed American slaves established country of Liberia, on
the West coast of Africa, 1824

August 16 Louis E Lomax, author, born 1922-1970

August 17 WB Purvis patented the electric railway switch, 1897
Marcus Garvey, Black Nationalist, born 1887-1940

August 18

August 19 Benjamin Banneker published his first Almanac, 1791
NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch counters,
Oklahoma City, 1963

August 20 Wilberforce University established in Ohio, 1856
First Black slaves brought by the Dutch to the colony of
Jamestown, 1619

August 21 William Count Basie, jazz pianist, big band and orchestra
leader, born in Red Bank NJ, 1904
Nat Turner began revolt in Southampton, VA, 1831

August 22 Fisk University established, 1867

August 23 National Negro Business League, founded 1900

August 24 Edith Sampson, first Black delegate to United Nations
appointed by President Harry S. Truman, 1950

August 25 Althea Gibson, tennis champion, born in South Carolina,
National Association of Colored Nurses, founded 1908

August 26

August 27 W. E. B. DuBois, editor author and civil rights leader
dies in Ghana, 1963

August 28 Martin Luther King Jr makes "I Have A Dream" speech at
Lincoln Memorial, 1963
March On Washington, 1963

August 29 Sheridan Broadcasting Corp purchases Mutual Black
Network, making it the first completely Black owned
radio network in the world, 1979
E. Franklin Frazier, sociologist, born 1894-1962

August 30 Roy Wilkins, 2nd Executive Director of NAACP, born 1901-
Gabriel Prosser's slave revolt is betrayed, Virginia, 1800

August 31

September | Back to Top

September 1 Robert T Freeman was the first Black to graduate from
Harvard Dental School, 1867

September 2

September 3 Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a
sailor, 1838

September 4 Lewis H Latimer, inventor and engineer, born 1848-1928

September 5 John W Cromwell, Sec. American Negro Academy, born 1846
George Washington Murray elected to Congress from South
Carolina, 1895

September 6

September 7 Integration began in Washington, DC and Baltimore, MD
public schools, 1954

September 8 Roy Wilkins, second Executive Director of NAACP, dies

September 9 Richard Wright, noted author of _Native Son_ and _Black
Boy_, born 1908-1960
Association for the study of Negro Life and History
founded by Carter G Woodson, 1915

September 10 Congressman John R Lynch presided over the Republican
National Convention, 1884

September 11 "Duke" Ellington won Springarn Medal for his musical
achievements, 1959

September 12

September 13 Lewis Latimer invented and patented an electric lamp with
a carbon filament, 1881
Alain L Lovke, philosopher, born 1886-1954

September 14 President FD Roosevelt signed Selective Service Act,
allowing Blacks to enter all branches of the US
Military Service, 1940

September 15 The first National Negro Convention began in
Philadelphia, 1830

September 16 Slavery abolished in all French territories, 1848
Claude A Barnett founded Associated Negro Press, born
1889 [very unclear which one of these two events
occurred the way this is worded in my source]

September 17 Hampton Institute founded, 1861

September 18 Congress passed Fugitive Slave Law as part of the
Compromise of 1850

September 19 Atlanta University founded 1865

September 20 First Negro Convention of Free Men agreed to boycott
slave-produced goods, 1830

September 21 Atlanta Life Insurance Co founded, 1905

September 22 Xavier University, first Black Catholic College in US,
opened in New Orleans, LA, 1915

September 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist, born 1863-1954

September 24 Desegregation of Central High School, Little Rock Ark, 1957

September 25 Secretary of Navy authorized enlistment of slaves as Union
sailors, 1861

September 26 Maggie L Walker, business and civic leader, first Black
president in US, born 1867-1934

September 27 WC Handy published "Memphis Blues" the first Blues Song,

September 28

September 29 WGPR-TV Detroit, first Black-owned station in US, began
broadcasting in 1975
President JF Kennedy authorized use of federal troops in
integration of University of Mississippi, 1962

September 30

October | Back to Top

October 1 James Meredith became first Black student at University
of Mississippi--after 3000 federal troops quelled riots
against his admission, 1962
Morgan State College founded in Maryland, 1872

October 2 Thurgood Marshall sworn in as the first Black Supreme
Court Justice, 1967
Robert H Lawerence, astronaut, 1935-1967

October 3 Bethune-Cookman College opened in Daytona Beach FL, 1904

October 4

October 5 Autherine Lucy Foster born in 1929.
Yvonne Braithwaite Burk born in 1932.

October 6 Fannie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, born 1917

October 7 William Sill, with The Underground Railroad, born 1821 - 1902

October 8

October 9 Frank Robinson became the first Black major league
baseball manager (Cleveland Indians), 1974

October 10

October 11 A. Miles patented the elevator, 1887
NAACP organized the Legal Defense and Education Fund, 1939

October 12 Lincoln University founded, 1854
Rita Frazier Normandeau of NYC born 1946 Newport News, VA

October 13 Garrett Morgan invented and patented the gas mask, 1914
Edith Sampson, first Black female US delegate to the
United Nations, born 1901
Arna W Bontemps noted poet and librarian of Fisk
University, born 1902 - 1973

October 14 Harry Blair received a patent for his corn planting
machine, 1834

October 14 Martin Luther King Jr. is the youngest man to win the
Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

October 15

October 16 Harpers Ferry Insurrection, 1859

October 17 First bank for blacks organized: The Capital Savings
of Washington, D.C.

October 18 Paul Robeson won Spingarn Medal for his singing and
acting achievements, 1945

October 19 US Navy opened to Black women, 1944
Henry O Tanner, painter, won Medal of Honor at Paris
Exposition, 1900
Byrd Prillerman, co-founder of West Virginia State College,
born 1859

October 20 NC Mutual Life Insurance Company organized, 1898

October 21

October 22

October 23

October 24

October 25 Benjamin O Davis Dr became the first Black general in US
Army, 1940

October 26 Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer, born 1911 - 1972

October 27 Ruby Dee born in 1927.

October 28

October 29 Supreme Court ordered end to all school desegregation "at
once", 1969

October 30

October 31

November | Back to Top

November 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H
Johnson, 1945
WEB DuBois began publication of NAACP monthly magazine,
"Crisis", 1910

November 2

November 3 JH Hunter patented the portable weighing scales, 1896

November 4 T. Elkins patented the refrigerating apparatus, 1879

November 5 George Brown became first Black Lt. Governor in US
(Colorado), 1974
Shirley Chisholm became first Black woman elected to
Congress, representing Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn,
NY, 1968
Theo Wright becomes first Black to obtain Theology Degree
in US, 1836
Negro History Week initiated by Carter G Woodson, 1926

November 6

November 7 L Douglas Wilder became first Black Governor in the US
(Virginia), 1989

November 8 Edward W. Brooke elected first Black US Senator in 85
years (R-Mass), 1966

November 9 Benjamin Banneker, inventor, mathematician, astronomer,
and one of the planners of Federal City (now
Washington DC), born 1731-1806
Medical School at Howard University opened with eight (8)
students, 1868

November 10 Granville T Woods patented the electric railway, 1891

November 11 D McCree patented the portable fire escape, 1890
Hanging of Nat Turner, leader of the Southampton VA Slave
Revolt, 1831

November 12

November 13 Janet Collins, ballerina, first Black dancer to appear
with the Metropolitan Opera Co. (in Verdi's Aida),
Black Renaissance begins Harlem NY, 1922 [How the hell
did they figure this out?]

November 14 Booker T. Washington died, 1856 - 1915

November 15 Inventor Granville T Woods patented his Synchronous
Multiplier Railway Telgraph, 1887

November 16

November 17

November 18 Klu Klux Klan member convicted of 1963 church bombing
that killed four young Black girls in Birmingham, Ala

November 19

November 20 Garrett Morgan invented and patented the traffic signal,
Howard University founded in Washington DC, 1865

November 21 Shaw University founded in Raleigh NC, 1865

November 22 Black Muslim movement initiated in Detroit, 1930

November 23 Andrew J Beard invented the "jerry coupler," still used
today to connect railroad cars, 1897

November 24

November 25 Segregation in buses and terminals banned by Interstate
Commerce Commission, 1955

November 26 National Negro Medical Association founded, 1895
Sojourner Truth dies, 1883

November 27

November 28 Richard Wright, novelist and author of Native Son, dies,
1908 - 1960

November 29 Thurgood Marshall, first Black Supreme Court Judge, born

November 30

December | Back to Top

December 1 Arthur Spingarn, founder of NAACP, born 1878

December 2 Charles Wesley, historian, [born? died?] 1891

December 3

December 4 Alpha Phi Alpha, first Black Greek Letter Fraternity,
founded 1906

December 5 Montgomery Bus Boycott initiated by the actions of Rosa
Parks, 1955
Phillis Wheatley, one of the first Black female poets in
America, dies 1784
National Council of Negro Women founded by Mary McLeod
Bethune, 1935

December 6

December 7

December 8 Sammy Davis, Jr, entertainer, born 1925 - 1990

December 9

December 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Dr Martin Luther King Jr,

December 11

December 12 National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice and Sing,"
composed by James Weldon and James Rosamond Johnson,

December 13

December 14

December 15

December 16 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN,
Andrew Young named Ambassador and Chief US Delegate to
the United Nations, 1976

December 17

December 18 Congress passed 13th Amendment abolishing slavery, 1865

December 19 Carter G Woodson, historian and father of Black History
Month, born 1875-1950

December 20 Mother Matelda Beasley, nun, born 1834-1903
South Carolina secedes from the union, initiating the
Civil War, 1860

December 21

December 22 Henry Highland Garnet, abolitionist, born 1815-1882

December 23 Alice H. Parker received a patent for the gas heating
furnace, 1919

December 24

December 25 Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) organized
by Rev Jesse Jackson, 1971

December 26 Kwanzaa begins

December 27

December 28

December 29

December 30 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, published the first Black
medical journal, 1892

December 31

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For further information contact:
Bill Costen – Phone: (860) 242-0228 – Email: skyendeavor@comcast.net

Copyright ©2005 Costen Cultural Exhibit / Sky Endeavors
Page Updated January 19, 2008